America prepares to reelect the Congress it loathes- The Washington Post June 16, 2014

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2014/06/16/america-prepares-to-reelect-the-congress-it-loathes/?tid=sm_fb

根據調查,很少美國人認為國會的表現很好,但是幾乎每個國會議員都能一直連任。
這樣的結果與我們的狀況好像。
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“As we noted earlier this year, the vast majority of House races in 2014 — 90 percent of them, at the time — feature a heavily favorited the front-runner which, in most cases, was the incumbent. ”

There are a lot of reasons for this, including districts weighted to one party or the other by gerrymandering and the self sorting of the population into ideological silos.

But the main reason is that people tend to reelect their own members of Congress, regardless of how they feel about Congress on the whole. (They pay very little attention to politics and vote for the name they know over the one they don’t.)”
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這樣的現象也呼應了反對管制選舉支出的一個理由—管制選舉支出將限制挑戰者(初進入競選市場的人)宣傳自己、進行各項競選活動的能力,而讓原本知名度較高的連任者(incumbent)一直連任,因為連任者即使同樣受限,但是原本的高知名度可以讓他不必花太多錢競選連任。

About cpctaiwan

College of Law, National ChengChi University, Taiwan
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